Menopause Specialist


Rubin Frenkel, MD

Gynecologist located in Upper East Side, New York, NY & Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, NY

Menopause is the time in your life when you stop getting your period, but it isn’t a complication-free time for every woman. At Bay OB-GYN, PC, located in the Upper East Side of Manhattan and Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, gynecologist Rubin Frenkel, MD, can talk to you about menopause and help you manage any serious symptoms before or after it. To schedule an appointment to discuss menopause, call either New York City office or book online today.

Menopause Q&A

What is menopause?

Menopause occurs at the end of your menstrual cycle; as you approach menopause, the production of sex hormones estrogen and progesterone decline. 

After menopause, your body produces far fewer sex hormones than it did before. As a result, you’ll no longer bleed every month, and your periods become less consistent before stopping entirely. You know you’ve officially reached menopause when you haven’t had a period for 12 consecutive months. 

On average, women reach menopause during their early to mid-50s; however, the process can begin before or after. Symptoms of the hormone changes typically last for four years preceding the end of your menstrual cycle and about four years afterward. 

How do I know when I’m nearing menopause?

The phase leading up to menopause is called perimenopause. Perimenopause describes the changes leading up to menopause and usually starts in your mid to late 40s. During this time, you may experience an array of symptoms. 

Common symptoms that tend to arise during perimenopause, and can last for some time after you reach menopause, include:

  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Forgetfulness
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Low libido
  • Hair loss
  • Weight gain

As you approach menopause, your periods become irregular; you might experience spotting between periods, heavy periods, or missed periods. 

Some women have few or mild symptoms, while others have severe problems. Unfortunately, the symptoms can be so severe that they affect your personal life, work-life, and relationships. If this is the case for you, you should schedule a visit with Dr. Frenkel at Bay OB-GYN, PC.

How can I manage the symptoms of menopause?

Although perimenopause and menopause are natural, managing your symptoms is necessary if they begin to impact your wellbeing. Fortunately, Dr. Frenkel can help you do so. Bay OB-GYN, PC, offers several options for menopause symptom relief and risk reduction. 

Dr. Frenkel can recommend products and treatments for specific symptoms if certain issues affect you significantly more than others. For example, topical creams are available to help with vaginal dryness that makes sexual intercourse more comfortable. There are also treatments available for hot flashes and night sweats.

Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) is a hormonal treatment that addresses multiple symptoms and health risks. Replacing your sex hormones as they decline can alleviate sleep issues, mood issues, and discomfort and can help preserve your bone density to lower your risk for osteoporosis and bone fractures. 

To learn more about menopause and how BHRT can help you manage the symptoms, call Bay OB-GYN, PC, or schedule an appointment online today.